Responsible Factors for Kidney Stones Formation and Treatments

Kidney Stone FormationThere are four types of kidney stones but the most common kidney stone is calcium kidney stone. Including calcium stones, people around the world are also suffering with other types of kidney stones like Uric acid stones, Cystine stones and Struvite stones. Calcium stones are mainly made of a natural chemical found in various foods known as calcium and oxalate. Apart from that, uric acid stones are normally formed because of acidic urine. In simple words, when your urine unable to dilute the crystal forming substance, increases the risk of kidney stone formation.

In the initial stage, there are no symptoms of kidney stones. But after few years you may experience these signs and symptoms such as pain in side and back, pain during urination, nausea, abdominal pain and different color of urine, fever including urinating small amount. It is always a painful condition especially when kidney stones stop or reduce the flow of blood and urine. It all depends upon the size of kidney stone which can be as small as grain of sand or large like a pearl. Stones are normally traveled through a tube known as ureters which connects your kidney with bladder. If the stone is easily passing through your ureters with your urine then it is known as passing a kidney stone. But if you are experience any pain during urination because of stones stuck inside ureters then immediately consults with urologist.

Responsible Factors for kidney Stone

Kidney stone is a common problem and anyone can suffer with this condition. It is believed that men are most often suffering with kidney stone as compare to women. Here are the common factors which are most likely responsible for the formation of kidney stones in any age.

Lack of water

Inadequate water inside the body is a primary factor that increases the risk of stone formation.  If you are not drinking enough water daily then you may suffer with stone related problems in future. Lack of drinking water helps salts, minerals and other substances to make a stone. Dehydration is a common problem associated with the lack of drinking fluids and which further increase the risk of stone formation.

Family Problem

There is no doubt, if anyone in your family has kidney stone then the chance of having kidney stone are always higher.


People believe that formation of calcium stone condition is associated with the intake of foods rich in calcium. But it all depends upon the body, how it handles calcium. If you are thinking to avoid the calcium rich foods to prevent the formation of calcium stone then you are wrong. Because it can reduces bone density if you minimize the intake of foods which are low in calcium. Doctors are never suggesting you to limit the intake of calcium. But they always suggest you to limit the intake of sodium salt. Excessive intake of the salt also increases the risk for calcium stone formation. Including high protein diet like beef and meats, health care provider may suggest you to minimize the intake of sugar.


High body weight or High BMI always changes the acid levels which increase the risk of stone formation.

Medical disorders

There is a clear indication that medical disorder like abnormal growth of parathyroid glands can leads to the kidney stones. The main function of these glands is to control the calcium metabolism. Abnormal function of these glands can cause higher level of calcium in the urine and blood. Apart from that, conditions like renal tubular acidosis, cystinuria and hyperparathyroidism also increase the risk of developing kidney stones.

Digestive disorders or certain bowel conditions are also leading causes of the calcium stones formation in the kidney.

Treatments for Kidney Stones

The medical treatment of kidney stones is possible but you need an expert advice for that. If a stone is small in the size and never cause any pain then doctors may suggest you to drink plenty of water or fluids daily. For right treatment, it is necessary to know the actual size of stone and for that physician might suggest you to do following test such as blood test, urine test, x-rays and CT scan. After the results, you will get proper treatment of kidney stones. If the stone size is larger and blocking urine then you need additional treatment.

Shock wave lithotripsy is a common way to break down stones into small pieces. Small pieces are easily passed through the urinary tract with your urine. You will never get any pain during this treatment because it done by professionals under general anesthesia. There is another treatment option which is always performed by experts to remove kidney stones known as Ureteroscopy. This treatment is also painless because it also done under anesthesia by experts. To break down the stones, physician used a long tube to find out stones and then breaks into tiny pieces. And third one is surgery which is very rarely used by doctors if stones are bigger. It is a costly treatment and it takes 2 to 3 days to recover from it and always performed by experts.

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